Working In House vs Private Practice

by Samiksha Vaidya

Studying law offers a diverse range of career paths. Aspiring law students entering the legal profession may become overwhelmed by which path to choose.

The two prominent career paths explored in the legal sector are private practice and in-house. As a lawyer working in private practice, you will work as part of a law firm addressing the legal needs of various clients. As an in-house lawyer, you will be working in the legal department of a company where the ‘client’ is the company you are employed with, and the main objective is to support the legal needs of your employer. Each of these avenues presents unique opportunities and challenges. This blog post will explore the key differences between private practice and in-house law firms, focusing on work exposure, work-life balance, salary, and growth opportunities.

Private Practice Law Firm:

Work Exposure: In private practice, lawyers often handle diverse cases, representing clients in various legal matters. This variety exposes them to various legal challenges, helping them develop a broad skill set.

Work-Life Balance: While private practice can be demanding, it also offers the potential for flexible schedules and the ability to control your workload. However, long hours may be required, especially during peak periods.

Salary: Private practice lawyers generally have the potential for higher earning potential, especially in prestigious law firms with a strong client base. Compensation often includes performance-based bonuses and partnership opportunities.

Opportunities for Growth: Private practice lawyers can pursue partnership positions within their firms, allowing them to influence firm decisions and potentially increase their income. However, reaching a partnership often requires significant dedication and hard work.


Work Exposure: In-house lawyers typically focus on the legal needs of their employer. This often means dealing with a narrower set of legal issues related to the company’s operations, such as contracts, compliance, and regulatory matters.

Work-Life Balance: In-house positions often offer better work-life balance than private practice. Lawyers in this role may have more predictable hours and fewer billable hour requirements.

Salary: While in-house lawyers may have a stable salary and benefits, their earning potential may be lower than that of their private practice counterparts. However, this can vary depending on the industry and the organisation’s size.

Opportunities for Growth: In-house lawyers can advance within their organisations, taking on higher-level roles such as General Counsel. While promotions are possible, the career ladder may not be as clearly defined as in private practice.


The choice between private practice and in-house law firm positions depends on individual preferences and career goals. Private practice offers diverse cases, potentially higher earnings, and partnership opportunities but may require more demanding hours. In-house roles provide a better work-life balance, stable income, and the chance to understand a single organisation’s legal needs deeply. Aspiring lawyers should carefully consider their priorities and long-term objectives when making this career decision.Ideally, go to your first networking event with a friend or try to make a friend who will be like your partner once you are there. Once you are a seasoned veteran, you can go by yourself. Start from one end of the room and work your way around. Depending on the setting, it may be just a bunch of adults in the room. Alternatively, it may be a reception-style arrangement with a few high tables scattered across the room with no chairs. Go into that room with a game plan – make friends.